馃挃 How does hypertension affect my heart?

Very relevant data to understand why you should properly control your blood pressure.

1/18/20242 min read

馃挕 High blood pressure is considered values higher than 130/80 mmHg according to American guidelines and higher than 140/90 according to European and more classical recommendations. However, both agree that the ideal pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. Beyond these cutoff values, sustained high blood pressure causes vascular damage, accelerating the process of atherosclerosis and arterial obstruction. In another of our posts, we explain why hypertension is the main factor responsible for cardiovascular deaths (Here's the link https://www.drcaroli.com/-cual-es-el-factor-de-riesgo-que-mas-muertes-genera ). But that's not all, it also has other very relevant effects on your heart.

馃 What are the main changes that hypertension produces in the heart?
鈿狅笍 Left ventricular hypertrophy. Increased heart thickness can lead to myocardial ischemia and infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, or even sudden death.
鈿狅笍 Enlargement of the left atrium. It causes arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation, which is a rhythm disorder that produces strong tachycardia (increased heart rate) and can produce clots in the heart that have the potential to embolize/reach the brain 馃.
鈿狅笍 Left ventricular dilation (the main responsible for pumping blood to the body). This is a late and very serious stage, heart dilation and loss of strength lead to heart failure.
鈿狅笍 Pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. In even later stages and as a consequence of left ventricular failure, pulmonary pressure may increase and right ventricular failure may occur.

馃摎 Here are some other very useful links, for example, I describe in detail what the initial non-pharmacological measures are, essential for preventing and treating the early stages: https://www.drcaroli.com/-medidas-para-bajar-la-presion-sin-medicamentos. Along with this, choosing an adequate sphygmomanometer or automatic blood pressure monitor is essential for each person to take control of their pressure: https://www.drcaroli.com/con-que-tipo-de-baumanometrotensiometro-debo-medirme-la-presion-en-mi-casa. Also, here I have described how to avoid common errors in measurements: https://www.drcaroli.com/-hipertension-evita-errores-comunes-como-debo-controlarme-la-presion-arterial-en-casa

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