馃樀 What is a stroke? and How can it be detected?

Here we tell you what you need to know about stroke.

10/30/20232 min read

馃搶A stroke (cerebrovascular accident), or brain stroke, is a medical condition that occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, significantly reduced, or bleeding occurs馃└. This can happen due to a blockage in blood vessels (ischemic stroke) or the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). 80% of the time, they are ischemic strokes caused by blockage in a carotid artery or a condition called atrial fibrillation, which expels a clot from the heart to the brain. Cerebrovascular events can have serious health consequences and can lead to disability or even death. That's why it's important to know the signs and symptoms of a stroke and how to detect it in time.

馃挕Stroke symptoms may vary depending on the part of the brain affected. A group of experts developed the acronym FAST to help the public easily identify the symptoms of a stroke:

F 鈥 Face drooping.

A 鈥 Arm weakness.

S 鈥 Speech difficulty.

T 鈥 Time to call emergency services.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to seek medical attention immediately as time is crucial in stroke treatment.

Prevention of stroke is essential to reduce the risk of experiencing one. Some measures you can take to prevent a stroke include:

Maintaining normal blood pressure.

Keeping cholesterol levels low.

Not smoking.

Maintaining a healthy weight.

Exercising regularly.

Taking prescribed medication without stopping.

Regularly consulting your cardiologist.

It's important to consult your cardiologist for a detailed clinical evaluation 馃┖ if you experience any of the FAST symptoms (this is the key to diagnosis) and to perform an urgent brain imaging for diagnosis within three hours of the episode. Additionally, a 12-lead electrocardiogram and possibly an echocardiogram may be needed. All this information is part of the necessary basic data to indicate appropriate treatment馃拪.

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