馃ぐ High blood pressure during pregnancy. What is preeclampsia?

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1/25/20242 min read

馃ぐ Hypertension during pregnancy is a medical condition characterized by high blood pressure during gestation. This condition can be diagnosed when the systolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mmHg, and/or the diastolic blood pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mmHg. It is important to note that hypertension during pregnancy can occur in women who did not have blood pressure problems before becoming pregnant.

Preeclampsia is a serious complication of hypertension during pregnancy. It is characterized by the presence of high blood pressure and proteinuria (presence of proteins in the urine) after 20 weeks of gestation. Preeclampsia can affect the functioning of various organs, such as the liver, kidneys, and brain, and can endanger the health of both the mother and the fetus.

The risks associated with pregnancy-related hypertension and preeclampsia are diverse. Firstly, hypertension can impede blood flow to the placenta, which can result in poor fetal growth and an increased risk of premature delivery. Additionally, preeclampsia can cause problems with the placenta, such as premature detachment or placenta previa, which can endanger the life of the fetus.

Regarding maternal risks, hypertension during pregnancy can increase the risk of developing complications such as eclampsia (seizures), HELLP syndrome (liver damage, decreased platelets, and coagulation problems), and stroke. These complications can be potentially life-threatening for the mother and require urgent medical attention.

In addition to the immediate risks, hypertension during pregnancy can also have long-term consequences. Women who have had hypertension during pregnancy have a higher risk of developing chronic hypertension in the future. They may also have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease and stroke, compared to women who have not had hypertension during pregnancy.

In conclusion, hypertension during pregnancy is a medical condition that requires specialized attention and monitoring. Preeclampsia, a serious complication of hypertension during pregnancy, can have detrimental effects on both the mother and the fetus. Pregnant women need to undergo regular blood pressure checks and follow medical recommendations to prevent and treat hypertension during pregnancy.

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